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Volume 20.2

Editor's note

Reflections on iaste at Twenty
David Moffat

Make-Believe Main Streets: Hyperreality and the Lifestyle Center
Mark Gillem
This article examines a new type of shopping venue known as the lifestyle center — an openair retail mall that borrows and distorts elements of the traditional American Main Street. The article recaps the popular notion of Main Street as a place and an image, examines the character of the lifestyle center and its present commercial success, and provides a detailed look at its residential component. It then analyzes three recently completed projects. Unlike traditional Main Streets, these new shopping complexes are built far from the center of any existing town, and rather than integrating with older areas of urban fabric, they tend to rely on conditions of social and spatial isolation.

From Sleeping Porch to Sleeping Machine: Inverting Traditions of Fresh Air in North America
Charlie Hailey
This article examines how the meaning of a particular tradition — sleeping in the open air — has changed over time. The research focuses on the development and use of the sleeping porch and related constructs in the United States from the end of the nineteenth century to the start of World War II. During this time, arguments related to nature, health and modernity reframed the sleeping porch's traditions, which in turn recast knowledge of the body's relation to fresh air and nature. The article concludes that the development of the sleeping porch spurred a transition from an empirically defined tradition to one that was epistemologically driven — setting up modernist and mid-century arguments for new, conditioned relationships > with fresh air, and between the inside and outside of the American house.

The Legend of Brigadoon: Architecture, Identity and Choice in the Scottish Highlands
Daniel Maudlin
Since the nineteenth century two distinct domestic architectural traditions in the Scottish Highlands have been interpreted in Britain as representative of Highland and Scottish identity. But Scotland's positive national identification with both the indigenous turf-walled and thatched Highland blackhouse and the imposed white, regular forms of the eighteenth-century "improved cottage" and farmhouse have failed to account for the historical relationships between the two architectural traditions and Scottish Gaels, or Highlanders. The aim of this article is to examine these historic relationships, to consider the misinterpretations of romanticism and the folklorists, and to question the Scottish government's current regionalist planning policy.

Bruce Grove Transferred: The Role of Diverse Traditions in Historic Conservation
Kate Jordan
In recent years, social inclusion has become enshrined in the manifestos of heritage and conservation agencies. A drive to include the diverse traditions of the Other into policy-making has raised questions about the meaning of the words "heritage" and "tradition," about who articulates them, and to whom they belong. This article offers a case study of a regeneration program in North London as the locus for an examination of multiculturalism, gentrification, and diasporic identity. It suggests that conservation strategies are often compromised by an overreliance on unproblematized notions of tradition.

book reviews
Atlas of Vernacular Architecture of the World, by Marcel Vellinga, Paul Oliver, and Alexander Bridge
Reviewed by Mari-jose Amerlinck
Nordic Landscapes: Region and Belonging on the Northern Edge of Europe, edited by Michael Jones and Kenneth Olwig
Reviewed by Eeva Aarrevaara
Theme Park, by Scott A. Lukas
Reviewed by Stefan Al
The Architecture of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, edited by Stephen H. Lekson
Reviewed by Anne Marshall